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Photographing Mountain Gorillas: All You Need To Know

Category: Photographing Mountain Gorillas

Ahead of my upcoming Uganda Photography Safari with Gorilla, Chimpanzee & More African Wildlife Highlights I thought I'd answer the many questions I'm asked about photographing mountain gorillas and what it's like trekking to find them.

Photographing Mountain Gorillas | Uganda Rwanda Photography Safari | Trai Anfield
Photographing Mountain Gorillas | Uganda Rwanda Photography Safari | Trai Anfield

Why Do It?

Photographing mountain gorillas in the wild is the most challenging, and also the most emotionally rewarding, wildlife photography shoot I've had the privilege to experience.

The intimate glimpse into the family lives of these most human of animals is something you will never forget, especially when you have insightful images to bring back home.

For me photographing mountain gorillas is simply a wildlife photographers "must-do".

Photographing Mountain Gorillas: The Trek

But first things first…. you’ve got to get there! One of the reasons gorilla photography is such an incredible wildlife experience is that you have to put some authentic effort in to finding them, by trekking up the slopes of the volcanoes on which they live, either in Uganda or Rwanda (or occasionally the Democratic Republic of Congo).

Photographing Mountain Gorillas | Uganda Rwanda Photography Safari | Trai Anfield

It’s not always as daunting as it sounds though: gorilla families move around, and some tend to live much lower down the slopes than others. A good tour guide will request a gorilla family that matches your group’s trekking abilities.

Groups with more elderly or disabled guests can ask to be allocated closer gorilla families. However please note it is not guaranteed that you will get the group you want, and you must always be prepared for a lengthy, steep, rough and slippery challenge.

Having said that, we always go at the pace of the slowest person in the group, and stop for plenty of rests, to do some stunning landscape photography, and to discover the many plants and animals we encounter along the way.

Photographing Mountain Gorillas | Uganda Rwanda Photography Safari | Trai Anfield

The porters here are only upstaged by the gorillas as the stars of the day, not only for carrying your gear but also helping (hauling!) you up any tricky parts of the climb.

Photographing Mountain Gorillas is not the only highlight!

The trek can also be a wonderful chance to meet local people: in fact the walks on to the volcano are one of the highlights of the Rwanda trip, and many guests have said that even if there were no gorillas it would be a wonderful experience in its own right.

When you're considering photographing mountain gorillas you may wonder about your ability to complete the treks. If so I’m always happy to talk it through, and help you assess whether you’re fit enough to do the trekking, and discuss the many ways we can make it do-able for you. Reassuringly, most reasonably fit people manage it fine…. .....especially with the inspiration of gorillas at the end!

When We Reach The Gorillas

All our bags and walking sticks are collected together when we get within 100m of the gorillas. Take the time to have a quick breather, some water and a snack to keep you at your best for your hour with the gorillas. Leave any bags behind with the guards, taking only your valuables and cameras with you. Make sure you have spare batteries and memory cards safely stowed in your pockets. You're not allowed to leave anything lying around - these are curious creatures - so everything you take with you must be carried securely at all times.

Photographing Mountain Gorillas | WildArt POTY Winner "Eyes" | Uganda | Trai Anfield
Photographing Mountain Gorillas | Uganda | WildArt POTY Winner "Eyes" | Trai Anfield

Trai’s Top Tips for Photographing Mountain Gorillas:

The trek

  • Leave enough time on your trip to acclimatise to the altitude before your first trek. You may struggle for breath for a few days if you live near sea level like me.

  • Drink lots of water with rehydration salts before and during your trek, and steer clear of alcohol the night before a trek - it has a greater effect at altitude.

  • Don’t rush your trek – you need to be in good shape for your hour with the gorillas, and there’s so much to enjoy and photograph on the way.

What To Wear

  • Sturdy walking shoes/boots.

  • Sun hat

  • Breathable layers - early starts can be chilly and walking during the day warm and humid at times.

  • Neutral colours are generally best when approaching wildlife

  • Lightweight waterproofs - it can rain at any time in the mountains

  • Long lightweight trousers that are strong enough to fend off nettles

  • Lightweight gardening gloves are also handy for this

  • For the foreseeable future Covid masks must be worn when near gorillas

Other Handy Things

  • Sturdy wooden walking sticks are provided, but you can bring your own lightweight walking poles.

  • I always bring a few energy bars along, plus lots of water and rehydration sachets.

  • Antibacterial hand gel - helps ensure you are Covid safe, and handy for those unscheduled wee stops en route!

Behaviour – Yours And The Gorillas!

Your Rwandan trekking guide will brief you on appropriate behaviour around gorillas before you leave for your trek. This is a fascinating insight into gorilla communication and culture. In brief, don’t try to stare down a gorilla, or tower over them in height – both are seen as threatening behaviour . Just crouch down, act subservient and avoid prolonged eye contact and you’ll be welcomed as one of the family!

To protect the gorillas from human germs a standard distance of 7m should be maintained. With Covid-19 additional restrictions may be enforced. You should never approach a gorilla closer than this limit.

However sometimes – in fact almost always – some gorillas will voluntarily come much closer than this. Don’t be afraid, they are gentle as a rule, and it is a thrill and a privilege to be so close to these beautiful, intelligent animals. Your guides will move you along safely when necessary.

Suggested Photography Kit for Photographing Mountain Gorillas

  • Camera body (and a spare of some description - even just a phone)

  • Lenses - given how close we are to the gorillas I find my 70 - 200mm f2.8 very useful, although wider habitat shots from a 24-70mm are also very effective, and detail shots at 300 or even 400mm give amazing close ups, especially when shooting through foliage. Faster lenses (those that allow a wider aperture and have lower f-stop values) will work best here, as we will often be shooting in cloudy conditions and in the shadow of undergrowth and trees. They will also give a shallower depth of field and therefore a more pleasing blur to the surrounding foliage.

  • Please note it is not permitted to use flash photography anywhere around the gorillas. Flash must be switched off altogether.

  • Tripods and monopods are also forbidden on most treks, as unfortunately some of the gorillas have memories of poachers attacking them and their families with spears, sticks and other weaponry. They can't distinguish between camera supports and these weapons, and may be disturbed by the sight of similar looking gear. Your walking sticks will also be collected on final approach to your gorilla family.

  • Some kind of waterproof cover for your camera and lens - doesn't have to be mega-expensive, I've used real cheapies from the internet and they've done the job without weighing me down.

  • Plenty of spare charged batteries,

  • Plenty of spare cleared memory cards

Camera Settings for Photographing Mountain Gorillas

These will depend very much on conditions on the day, and the sort of photography you favour. I will always go through our settings thoroughly before embarking on our trek, and I am available throughout for advice and help with technical queries and creative inspiration. As a guide here are some general tips for photographing mountain gorillas:

  • Turn Your Flash Off: no flash photography is allowed around the gorillas – you must ensure your flash is switched off prior to your visit.

  • Shooting Mode: I usually shoot in Aperture Priority mode ( A / Av ) because in my experience the light conditions are usually changing constantly as the gorillas move from light to shade. If there was